SF4202 Earth and Earth Retaining Structures Syllabus:

SF4202 Earth and Earth Retaining Structures Syllabus – Anna University PG Syllabus Regulation 2021


 At the end of this course, students are expected to analyse and design rigid, flexible earth retaining structures, slurry supported trenches and deep cuts.


State of stress in retained soil mass – Earth pressure theories – Classical and graphical techniques (Culmann’s method) – Active and passive cases – Earth pressure due to external loads.


Retaining structure – Selection of soil parameters – Lateral pressure due to compaction, strain softening, wall flexibility, drainage arrangements and its influence. – Stability analysis of retaining structure both for regular and earthquake forces.


Types of sheet piles – Analysis and design of cantilever and anchored sheet pile walls – free earth support method – fixed earth support method. Design of anchor systems – isolated and continuous.


Lateral pressure on sheeting in braced excavation, stability against piping and bottom heaving. Earth pressure around tunnel lining, shaft and silos – Soil anchors – Soil pinning –Basic design concepts – Slurry Supported Trenches-Basic principles – Slurry characteristics – Specifications – Diaphragm walls – stability Analysis.


Stability of infinite and finite slopes, Limit Equilibrium method, Wedge analysis, Method of Slices, Bishop’s method, Janbu’s method etc. Special aspects of slope analysis, stability charts. Role of geosynthetics in stabilization of slopes.


On completion of the course, the student is expected to be able to
CO1 Analyse the earth pressure acting on retaining structures by applying classical theories considering all influencing parameters and suggest the earth pressure to be considered for the design of retaining structures.
CO2 Apply the knowledge of engineering and earth pressure to analyse and design rigid retaining structures considering effect of compaction, wall flexibility, pore water pressure and earth quake forces.
CO3 Apply the knowledge of engineering and earth pressure to analyse and design flexible earth retaining walls and also acquire the knowledge of design of anchors
CO4 Apply the knowledge on lateral earth pressure behind and around excavation to analyse and design braced excavations, slurry supported excavations and underground utilities.
CO5 Analyse the stability of infinite and finite slopes through total stress and effective stress analysis by considering the actual shape of failure surface expected in the field.


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3. Militisky, J. and Woods, R., Earth and Earth retaining structures, Routledge,1992.
4. Winterkorn, H.F. and Fang, H.Y., Foundation Engineering Handbook, Galgotia Book- source, 2000.
5. Rowe, R.K., Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Handbook, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
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12. Bramhead, E.N., The Stability of Slopes, Blacky Academic and Professionals Publications, Glasgow, 1986.
13. Muni Budhu, Soil Mechanics and Foundation, John Wiley and Sons, INC 2007.